American Artist 1796-1865
John Neagle (1796-1865) began his artistic career as an apprentice coach painter. In his teens and early 20s, he worked as an itinerant artist in Kentucky and Louisiana. Returning to Philadelphia in 1820, he sought training from Bass Otis (1784-1861), Gilbert Stuart (1755-1858) and Thomas Sully (1783-1872). In 1826, Neagle married Mary Chester Sully (1802-bef 1850), who was simultaneously Sully’s niece and step-daughter. (In 1804, Thomas Sully had married his brother Lawrence’s widow and adopted their two-year-old, Mary.) John and Mary had seven daughters and a son before Mary died in 1850 at the age of 42.
Until Neagle’s death in 1865, the father-in-law and son-in-law dominated the Philadelphia portrait industry. Neagle had a scientific bent and was known for painting men. Sully had a theatrical background and was known for painting women. The division is, of course, too simplified. Neagle could portray women beautifully as can be seen in this zoomable image of Mrs. Huizinger Messehert, 1822. Neagle’s representation of Pat Lyon at the Forge, 1826-1827, was so skillful and moving that it remains his iconic work, unfortunately at the expense of some of his other fine pieces. In his time, Neagle was also famous for his full-length symbolic portrait of Henry Clay, 1843. My favorite, however, is Neagle’s depiction of marine painter Thomas Birch (1779-1851) literally breaking the boundaries of the frame in Studious Artist. That painting, reinforced by Pat Lyon at the Forge, suggests to me that John Neagle himself could have burst forth with creative genius if he had been born at a later time or unconfined by conventional Philadelphia. Luckily I am investigating what may be a previously “lost” portrait by Neagle and can immerse myself in his portrait artistry.
John Haviland, 1828
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City 38.82
The Alfred N. Punnett Endowment Fund, 1938
Matilda Washington Dawson, 1829
William Crook Rudman, Sr., 1845
Dorothy Sulger (Mrs. Thomas Kelly), ca. 1826
Oil on Canvas, 36 x 28 inches Private Collection. Used with Permission